Abraham Lincoln Wikipedia Portugues


Born on Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in backwoods Hardin co.

, Ky. frontier. His father, Thomas Lincoln, was a migratory carpenter and farmer, nearly always poverty-stricken. Little is known of his mother, Nancy Hanks, who died in 1818, not long after the family had settled in the wilds of what is now Spencer co., Ind. Thomas Lincoln soon afterward married Sarah Bush Johnston, a widow; she was a kind and affectionate stepmother to the boy.

Abraham had almost no formal Indiana amounted to less than a year; but he taught himself, reading and rereading a small stock of books.

His first glimpse of the wider world came in a voyage downriver to New Orleans on a flatboat in 1828, but little is known of that journey. In 1830 the Lincolns moved once more, this time to Macon co., Ill. After another visit to New Orleans, the young Lincoln settled in 1831 in the village of New Salem, Ill., not far from Springfield. There he began by working in a store and managing a mill.

By this time a tall the inhabitants of the frontier town by his great strength and his flair for storytelling, but most of all by his strength of character. His sincerity and capability won respect that was strengthened by his ability to hold his own in the roughest society. He was chosen captain company did not see battle. Returning to New Salem, Lincoln was a partner in a grocery store that failed, leaving him with a heavy burden of debt. He became a surveyor for a time, was village postmaster, and did various odd jobs, including rail splitting. All the while he sought to improve his education and studied law.

The story of a brief love affair with Ann Lincoln.

Her father kept the inn at New Salem, Ill., where Lincoln ..... Click the link for more information.

, which supposedly occurred at this time, is now discredited.


in U.S. history, the executive order abolishing slavery in the Confederate States of America. DESIRE FOR SUCH A PROCLAMATION In the early part of the Civil War, President Lincoln refrained from issuing an edict freeing the slaves despite ...

.. Click the link for more information.

. The restoration and preservation of the Union were still the main necessity afflicted him; he expressed both in one of the noblest public speeches ever made, the Gettysburg Address speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln on Nov. 19, 1863, at the dedication of the national cemetery on the Civil War battlefield of Gettysburg, Pa. It is one of the most famous and most quoted of modern speeches.

..... Click the link for more information. , made at the dedication of threatened by the desertion of the Republican leaders as well as by a strong opposition party in the presidential election that loomed ahead in the dark days of 1864; but a turn for the better took place before the election, a turn brought about to some extent by a change of military fortune after Grant became commander and particularly after



Sherman is said by many to be the greatest of the Civil War generals. Lincoln was reelected over George B. McClellan the Mexican War and later worked on various engineering projects, second inaugural address, delivered when the war was drawing to its close, was a plea for the new country that would arise from the ashes of the South. His own view was one of forgiveness, as shown in his memorable phrase "With malice toward none; with charity for all." He lived to see the end of the war, but he was to have no chance to implement his plans for Reconstruction Civil War. At the end of the Civil War, the defeated South was a ruined land. The physical destruction wrought by the invading Union forces was enormous, and the old social and economic .

.... Click the link for more information. . On the night of Apr.

14, Bel Air, Md.; son of Junius Brutus Booth and brother of Edwin Booth. He made his stage debut at the age of 17 in Baltimore. ....

. Click the link for more information. . The next morning Lincoln died. His death was an occasion for grief even among those who had been his opponents, and many considered him a martyr.


As time passed Lincoln became more and more the object of adulation; a full-blown "Lincoln legend" appeared. Yet, even if his faults and mistakes are acknowledged, he stands out as a statesman of noble vision, great humanity, and remarkable political skill.

It is not surprising that the Illinois "rail-splitter" is regarded as a foremost symbol of American democracy. Paintings, sculptures, and architectural works memorializing Lincoln are legion; the most famous shrines are central Ill., on the Sangamon River; settled 1818, inc. as a city ....

. Click the link for more information. , Ill., and the Lincoln after a Greek temple, has 36 Doric columns representing the states of


Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate. His first appearance in the East was in Feb., 1860, when he spoke at Cooper Union in New York City. He gained a large following in the antislavery states, but his nomination for President by the Republican


He was admitted to the bar at Jacksonville, Ill.

, in 1834. After holding various state and local offices he became a U.S. bill that became law on May 30, 1854, by which the U.S. Congress established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. By 1854 the organization of the vast Platte and Kansas river countries W of Iowa and Missouri was overdue.

..... Click the link for more information. .

In a speech at Springfield, repeated at Peoria, he attacked the compromises concerning the question of slavery in the territories and invoked the democratic ideals contained in the Declaration of Independence. In 1855 he sought to become a Senator but failed. He had already realized that his sentiments were leading him away from the Whigs and toward the new Republican party, and in 1856 he became a Republican. He quickly came to the fore in the party as a moderate opponent of slavery who could win both the abolitionists and the conservative free-staters, and at the Republican national convention of 1856 he was prominent as a possible vice presidential candidate. Two years later he was nominated by the Republican party to oppose Douglas in the Illinois senatorial race. house divided against itself cannot stand." The campaign that followed was impressive.

Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates Union and for the democratic idea. He was not an abolitionist, but he regarded slavery as an injustice and an evil, and uncompromisingly opposed its extension.


In 1834, Lincoln was elected to the state legislature, in which he Whig. In 1836 he obtained his license as an attorney, and the next year he moved to Springfield, where he became a law partner of John T. was succeeded by others, with Stephen T. Logan and then with William Greensburg, Ky. In 1844 he became the junior member of the Springfield, Ill.

, law firm of Lincoln and Herndon, a partnership that was never dissolved. ..... Click the link for more information.

, who was later to be grasp of argument, and sincerity, color, and lucidity of speech. Kentucky family, she was living with her sister, daughter-in-law of Gov. Ninian Edwards of Illinois, in Springfield, Ill., when she met courtship. He continued his interest in politics and entered on the remained obscure, however, and his attacks as a Whig on the motives unpatriotic to his constituents, so he lost popularity at home. Lincoln worked hard for the election of the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, in 1848, but when he was not rewarded with the office he retire from politics and return to the practice of law.


Innumerable biographies, novels, poems, plays, and essays have been standard older bibliography is J.

Monaghan, Lincoln Bibliography, One of the most important early biographies was W. H. Herndon and J. popular biographies are C. Sandburg, Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie one-volume condensation was first published in 1954. See also The portraying Lincoln in a completely unfavorable light is E. L.

Masters, Preeminent among the special studies on Lincoln are those of J. G. history and political science at various colleges before joining .....

Click the link for more information. . See also T. H. Williams, K. Goodwin, Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln


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