Abraham Lincoln Wikipedia Simple English


GROWING UP

Abraham Lincoln came from humble beginnings. He was born in a Hardin County, Kentucky.



His parents were Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. His father lost everything when Abraham was young and they had to move to Perry County, Indiana where they struggled to get by. When he was just nine years old, his mother died and his sister Sarah took care of him until his father remarried. Abraham had very little formal education, but had a strong interest in books and learning.


Most of what he learned was self-educated and from books he borrowed. His family later moved to Illinois where Lincoln would set out on his own. As a young man, Lincoln worked a variety of jobs including shopkeeper, surveyor, and postmaster.









For a time, he even split firewood with an axe for a living. He soon moved into politics and won a seat in the Illinois Legislature when he was 25.


Abraham Lincoln standing outside tent with Allan Pinkerton and General McClernand Source: Library of Congress

GETTYSBURG ADDRESS



Today, Lincoln is often remembered for a short speech he gave at It was only a few minutes long, but is considered one of the great speeches in American history. Abraham Lincoln Assassinated at the Ford Theatre by Currier & IvesTHE CIVIL WAR ENDS The Civil War finally ended on April 9, 1865 when General Robert E. Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Lincoln wanted the country to heal, forgive, and rebuild. He wanted to be generous to the southern states in helping them during the reconstruction.


Unfortunately, he would not live to see the country rebuild.

THE CIVIL WAR



The Civil War began on April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter after Lincoln took office. Lincoln was determined to maintain the "Union" of the states. He called for an army from the northern states to defeat the south. What followed was a bloody war that lasted four years and cost the lives of 600,000 Americans.










Lincoln faced all sorts of opposition during the war, but managed to hold the country together.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN PRESIDENCY



Lincoln won the 1860 election and was inaugurated as president in March of 1861. The southern states did not want Lincoln to be president. They did not agree with his policies. Before he was first state to leave was South Carolina, but soon six more states followed and together they formed a new country called the Confederacy after Lincoln won the election, but before he took the oath of office.




BEFORE HE BECAME PRESIDENT



Lincoln served on the Illinois State Legislature for several terms. During that time he studied the law and began to work as a lawyer. He ran for the U.S. Congress in 1845.


He won the election and served as a congressman for one term. After serving as congressman he continued to work as a lawyer. Later, Lincoln ran for the U.S. Senate, he did not win but he did gain national recognition for his arguments against slavery during the debates.


In 1860, Lincoln ran for President of the United States. He was a member of the fairly new Republican party which strongly opposed republicans were also against slavery. They said they would allow for slavery to continue in the southern states, but that it would not be allowed to spread to new U.







S. states or territories.




HOW DID HE DIE?



President Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at the Ford Theatre in Washington D.C. He died the next day on April 15, 1865. The Smithsonian Museum Photo by DuckstersFUN FACTS ABOUT ABRAHAM LINCOLN * Honest Abe was the tallest president at 6 feet 4 inches tall. * He set up a national banking system while he was president.


He also established the Department of Agriculture. * He was known as a gifted storyteller and liked to tell jokes. * On the day he was shot, Lincoln told his bodyguard that he had dreamt he would be assassinated. * He was the first president who had a full beard. * He often stored things like letters and documents in his tall stove-piped hat.




.











Comments



Leave a Comment