Abul Kalam Azad Wikipedia
in/2011/04/moulana-abul-kalam-azad-congress-leader.html Maulana Abul Kalam Azad As PDF Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the face of communal harmony in modern India. A renowned scholar and an active political leader, he had a charismatic personality right from the beginning. So deep embedded was the willingness to participate in the national struggle for independence that he gave up on his clergyman profession and took to serving in the Indian independence movement.
Azad was profoundly inspired by Gandhi and was an active supporter of the non-cooperation movement. Unlike other Muslim leaders, he condemned communal separation advocated by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other Muslim leaders and stressed on the fact that national freedom was of greater importance than communal freedom. He worked for religious harmony and became a staunch opponent of the partition.
He lived long not just to witness Indian Independence and the subsequent Partition, but also
PERSONAL LIFE & LEGACY
Conforming to the customary practice of those days, he married at a young age of thirteen to Zulaikha Begum. He breathed his last on February 22, 1958 due to stroke.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the face of communal harmony in modern India. Despite being a Muslim, he strongly condemned communal separatism and was against Muhammmad Jinnah and his viewpoints. The Government of India set up the Maulana Azad Education Foundation in 1989 on his birth anniversary to promote education amongst the socially backward class. His birthday is celebrated every years as National Education Day in India. Numerous schools, colleges and institutions in India have been named after him.
He is celebrated as one of the founders and greatest patrons of Jamia Milia Islamia University. Despite being born as Abul Kalam, he is best remembered by the name adopted.
CHILDHOOD & EARLY LIFE
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum. Descendant of the eminent scholars of the Islamic religion, learning and writing came naturally to young Azad. Since an early age, he became multi-linguist, mastering numerous languages such as Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Bengali, English and Arabic.
He received tutelage in Hanbali fiqh, shariat, mathematics, philosophy, world history and science. A meritorious student, he was blessed with a strong aptitude for knowledge that helped him stay ahead of his contemporaries. At a young age, he brought out several journals, served as an editor of the weekly Al-Misbah and reinterpreted the holy Quran, the Hadith and the principles of Fiqh and Kalam. It was during this time that he developed radical political views that were in contingent with the Indian nationalist movement. He was issues that he believed were not as important as national freedom.
His visit to Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Turkey reformed his belief and conviction and turned him into a nationalist revolutionary. Upon returning to India, he was influenced by prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo and Shyam Sundar Chakravarty and actively participated in the national struggle for freedom. Unlike other Muslim activists, he opposed the partition of Bengal and separatism. He was against the racial discrimination meted out to the people of India.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad a scourge of violence that swept the Punjab, Bengal,Kolkata, Delhi and many other parts of India.
Millions of Hindusand Sikhs fled the newly created Pakistan for India, and millionsof Muslims fled for West millionpeople. Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims inIndia, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and thePunjab, guiding the organisation of refugee camps, supplies andsecurity. Azad gave speeches to large crowds encouraging peace andcalm in the border areas and encouraging Muslims across the countryto remain in India and not fear for their safety and security.Focusing on bringing the capital of Delhi back to peace, Azadorganised security and relief efforts, but was drawn into a disputewith the Deputy Prime Minister and if hisdismissal was forced it would provoke anger amongst Hindus andSikhs and divide the city police. In Cabinet meetings anddiscussions with Gandhi, Patel and Azad clashed over securityissues in Delhi and Punjab, as well as the allocation of resourcesfor relief the houses vacated by Muslims who had departedfor Pakistan for Muslims government could not offer preferentialtreatment for any religious community, while Azad remained anxiousto assure the rehabilitation of Muslims in India.
obtaining the approval of Muslimrepresentatives to end the communal electorates, and was a forcefuladvocate of enshrining the principle of Indians. He supported provisions for Muslim citizens tomake avail of Azad remained a close confidante, supporter and advisor to PrimeMinister Nehru, and played an important role in framing nationalpolicies. Azad masterminded the creation of national programmes ofschool and college construction and spreading the enrollment ofchildren and young adults into schools, in order to promoteuniversal primary education.
Elected to the lower house of the policies, aswell as the advancing social rights and economic opportunities forwomen and underprivileged Indians. In 1956, he served Azad spent the final years of his lifefocusing on writing his book struggle and its leaders,which was published in 1957.
His mother was of Arab descent, thedaughter of Shaikh Muhammad Zahir Watri, and his father, MaulanaKhairuddin was, then living in Bengal Indian rebellion of 1857 and settled in Mecca, the holiest city in his family. An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad wasrunning a library, a reading room, a debating society before he of students, most of whom were twice his age, whenhe was merely fifteen and succeeded in completing the traditionalcourse of study at the young age of sixteen, nine years ahead ofhis contemporaries, and At theage of thirteen, he was married to a young Muslim girl, intellectual life ofKolkata, the then capital of British-ruled India and the centre ofcultural and political life. He began to doubt the traditional waysof his father and secretly diversified his studies. Azad learned Englishthrough intensive personal study and began learning Westernphilosophy, history and contemporary politics by readingadvanced books and modern periodicals. Azad grew disillusioned withIslamic teachings and was inspired by the modern views of
PERSONAL LIFE & LEGACY
P.J. Abdul Kalam was the youngest child in a close knit family. He was very close to his parents, especially his mother, and had loving relationships with all of his four elder siblings. He never married.
Throughout his life he maintained close ties with his siblings and their extended families. A benevolent soul, he often sent money to his elderly relatives. He was a very simple person who lived an unpretentious lifestyle. He kind hearted man, he was a vegetarian and consumed simple food. A devout Muslim, he had been raised with strict Islamic customs.
He respected all religions and was well-versed in Hindu traditions in addition to his Islamic practices. He not only read the namaz daily and fasted during Ramadan, but also regularly read the Bhagavad Gita. He remained active till the very end. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong on 27 July 2015, he collapsed and was rushed to the Bethany Hospital. He was confirmed dead of a cardiac arrest at 7:45 pm.
The Government of India declared a seven-day state mourning period as a mark of respect. His body was then flown first to Delhi, then to Madurai, and finally to Rameswaram where he was laid to rest at Pei Karumbu Ground with full state honours on 30 July 2015. His last rites were attended by over 350,000 including the Prime Minister, and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
TOP FACTS YOU DID NOT KNOW ABOUT A.P.
J. ABDUL KALAM
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam grew up in poverty and distributed newspapers as a Vikram Sarabhai who guided him and gave him valuable advice.
He always faced the press following failed tests at ISRO and accepted responsibility for his mistakes but never claimed the credit for any of the massive successes achieved at the organization. He was the first bachelor to become the president and occupy Rashtrapati Bhawan. Kalam was the third President of India to have been honored with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the office of President. He was known to write his own thank you cards with personalized messages in his own handwriting. was known to quote at least one couplet in most of his speeches.
He had a keen interest in literature and wrote poems in his native Tamil. A practicing Muslim, he was also well versed with Hindu traditions and read the Bhagavad Gita. He had more than a million followers on Twitter but followed only 38 people.
Azad developed political views considered radical for mostMuslims of criticised the British for racial discrimination andignoring the needs of common people across India. He alsocriticised Muslim politicians for focusing on communal issuesbefore the national interest and developed curiosity and interest in the pan-Islamic doctrinesof Jamal the time, Azad opposed the partition of Bengal in 1905 and becameincreasingly active in revolutionaryactivities, to which he was introduced by the prominent Hindurevolutionaries SriAurobindo revolutionaries, but Azadwon their praise and confidence by working secretly to organiserevolutionaries activities and meetings in Bengal, rebellious nature and affinity for politics turned him towardsjournalism.
He established an Urdu weekly newspaper in 1912 policies while exploring the challenges facing commonpeople. Espousing encouraging young Muslims into fightingfor independence and Hindus and Muslimsin Bengal, which had been soured by the controversy surrounding thepartition of Bengal and the issue of separate communal electorates. stiffenedcensorship and restrictions on political activity. Act. Azadstarted a new journal, the Al-Balagh, which increased itsactive support for nationalist causes and communal unity.
In thisperiod Azad also became active in his support for the Muslimsworldwide. The Sultan had sided against the British in the war andthe continuity of his rule came under serious threat, causingdistress amongst Muslim conservatives. Azad saw an opportunity toenergise Indian Muslims and achieve major political and socialreform through the struggle. With his popularity increasing acrossIndia, the
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